In the world of skincare, it can feel like you need a chemistry degree just to decipher the labels on your products. That’s why we’re here to demystify the most common skincare buzzwords, so you know exactly what you’re applying.
1. Hyaluronic acid
It’s a naturally occurring substance in your skin that helps it retain moisture. It’s a humectant, which means it attracts and holds onto water molecules, making it an excellent hydrating ingredient. When applied topically, hyaluronic acid can plump up your skin, reduce the appearance of fine lines, and leave your complexion looking dewy and refreshed.
Free radicals are unstable molecules that can damage your skin cells. Antioxidants, such as vitamins C (hello, OhMyGlow) and E, help neutralise these free radicals and protect your skin from oxidative stress. They can also brighten your complexion, reduce inflammation, and promote overall skin health. Caffeine (our fave ingredient and the MVP of Dewy Latte) is rich in antioxidants; that’s why we’re so obsessed!
Retinol is a derivative of vitamin A and is renowned for its ability to stimulate collagen production, increase cell turnover, and improve skin texture. It’s a powerful ingredient for reducing fine lines, wrinkles, and even acne. However, it can be irritating to some, so it’s essential to introduce it gradually into your skincare routine to see if it’s right for you.
SPF measures how effectively a sunscreen protects your skin from harmful UV radiation. Using SPF daily is vital to shield your skin from premature ageing, sunburn, and the risk of skin cancer. Make sure your sunscreen is broad-spectrum, meaning it protects against both UVA and UVB rays, and reapply it every two hours when exposed to the sun.
It involves removing dead skin cells from the surface of your skin. There are two main types: physical (using scrubs or brushes) and chemical (using acids like glycolic or salicylic acid). Regular exfoliation can unclog pores, reduce acne, and improve the overall texture and tone of your skin. However, over-exfoliation can lead to irritation, so moderation is key.
Serums are lightweight, fast-absorbing liquids packed with active ingredients. They’re designed to deliver a high concentration of targeted benefits, whether it’s hydration, brightening, or youth-enhancing. Serums are usually applied after cleansing and before moisturising, allowing your skin to absorb their potent ingredients more effectively.
7. pH Balance
Your skin’s pH is a measure of its acidity or alkalinity. The ideal pH for skin is slightly acidic, around 5.5 to get technical. Maintaining this balance is crucial because it helps your skin’s natural barrier function correctly, keeping it hydrated and protected. Skincare products that are pH-balanced can help support your skin’s health. You can see the power of pH when you apply Glassy and watch it react to make a perfectly matched blush.
8. Linolenic Acid
Linolenic acid is a type of fatty acid known for its skin-nourishing properties. It’s often found in plant-based oils like flaxseed and hemp oil. Linolenic acid helps strengthen your skin’s natural barrier, locking in moisture and preventing water loss. Including products (like our brilliant bronzing Oh.Sole Mio) with linolenic acid can help soothe dry and sensitive skin, leaving it looking and feeling healthier.
Peptides are short chains of amino acids that can signal your skin to produce more collagen. They are often found in youth-enhancing skincare products and can help improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, giving your skin a smoother and firmer look.
The skin microbiome refers to the community of beneficial bacteria that live on your skin’s surface. A balanced microbiome is essential for skin health, as it helps protect against harmful pathogens and maintains the skin’s natural barrier. Products formulated to support a healthy microbiome can help keep your skin clear and radiant.
Parabens are a group of synthetic preservatives commonly used in cosmetics and skincare products. Some individuals prefer to avoid products containing parabens due to concerns about potential health risks. Paraben-free products are formulated without these preservatives and are considered a good choice for those seeking au naturale alternatives